This site is very easy to use to find out your passport and visa requirements for your travel plans. Where it asks "Foreign Resident of", choose the country that you reside in. So, if you have a Canadian permanent residency card, you put Canada, because that's where you live. If you are here on a work/travel visa but you reside in another country, you put the other country in that spot. Here is the link:
Destination Specific Travel Advise and Advisories:
To find out about the documentation you require for each specific country, please take a look at this link. There is a drop down menu to choose the country you are traveling to. It takes you to a page that details what you need to have before you go. It includes information such as safety & security, entry & exit documentation requirements, local laws & culture, possible health hazards, natural hazards & climate, and where to find help while traveling in that country. **This link is mainly for those who reside in Canada.
Here is the link with general information about all the different kinds of travel documentation including NEXUS, consent letters for children travelling abroad, travel insurance, Permanent Resident Card, travelling as a dual citizen, and more:
It is a good idea to register as a Canadian travelling abroad, it is a free service that allows the Canadian Government to notify you in case of an emergency abroad including civil unrest and natural disaster or a personal emergency at home.
Bon Voyage but...Essential Information for Canadian travellers:
This publication has information about the Canadian Consular services, which includes:
give you a list of local doctors and hospitals if there is a medical emergency
give you advice and the contact information for local police and medical services if you are a victim of robbery, sexual assault or other violence
help if a person is missing or if a child is abducted outside of Canada
replace a lost, stolen, damaged or expired passport
help you with private money transfers
contact your family or friends, with your consent, if you have had an accident or are held by police
ask Canadian police to notify next of kin in case of a death abroad
help to repatriate the remains of a loved one back to Canada
help you to identify a funeral home with experience in international funeral arrangements
ask for a prompt and transparent investigation into suspicious circumstances if there is an alleged or apparent crime or death (although they cannot interfere in an investigation or legal matter)
give you a list of local lawyers
give you sources of information on local laws and regulations
This publication also tells you about the duty free and tax free personal exemptions for items coming home to Canada, important emergency contact information, Canadian Border Services, as well as a helpful travel checklist among other helpful information.